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重金求东西方文化差异的英文文章,在线等

东西方文化差异

(DifferencesbetweenEasternandWesternculture)

摘自http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=the+Differences+between+Chinese+Culture+and+Western+Culture&btnG=Google+Search

http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&newwindow=1&q=Differences+between+Eastern+and+Western+culture&btnG=Search

这页有很多,你可以自已选,Iampleasuretogiveyoumyhelp

这是我选中的一个:

Whatleadstotheculturaldifference?

TheculturesoftheEastandtheWestreallydistinguisheachotheralot.Thisisbecausetheculturesystemsaretwoseparatesystemsonthewhole.

Theoriginoftheeasternculturesismainlyfromtwocountries:ChinaandIndia.Bothofthetwoculturesaregestatedbyrivers.InChina,themotherriveristheYellowRiverwhiletheIndianoneistheHinduRiver.Thesetwoculturesweredevelopedforseveralthousandyearsandformedtheirownstyles.TheninDangDynastyofChina,theChineseculturegraduallywentoverseastoJapan,mixedintotheJapanesesocietyandshapedtheJapaneseculturenowadays.ThoughabitdifferentfromtheChineseone,itbelongstothesamesystem.

Whenthetwomotherriversgavebirthtotheeasternculture,anotherfamousculturewasbroughtupontheMesopotamianPlain----theMesopotamianCivilization.ThiscivilizationlaterondevelopedintotheculturesoftheAncientGreeceandAncientRome.Andthesetwoarewell-knownasthebaseoftheEuropeanculture.LiketheChineseculture,theEuropeanonealsocrossedwaters.WhenthecolonistsofEnglandsettleddowninAmerica,theirculturewentwiththemovertheAtlanticOcean.SotheAmericanculturedoesn'tdistinguishfromtheEuropeanonealot.

Atthesametime,thedifferenceofthelanguagesystemsaddstotheculturaldifferences.IntheEast,mostlanguagesbelongtothepictographiclanguage(seethepicturebelow)whiletheWesternlanguagesaremostlybasedontheLatinsystem,forexample,theoneI’musingtowritethispaper.

Otherfactorslikehumanracedifferencecountsaswell.Butwhat’smore,duetothefardistanceandthesteepareasbetweentheEastandWest,thetwoculturesseldomcommunicateuntilrecentcenturies.Sotheygrewuptotallyintheirownwayswithalmostnointerferencefromtheother.

Pictographiccharactors

PartIIHowdifferentlydopeoplebehaveindailylife?

Thedifferencesareeverywhere.Theyaffectpeople’swaysofthinkingandtheirviewsoftheworld.Evenineverydaylife,theculturaldifferencesshowupfromthemomenttheeyesareopenedtotheminutethedreamsareinvited.

Inthefollowing,I’llgivesometypicalexampleofthedifferences.

Section1:Greeting

Greetingisthefirststeptoformaculture,becausepeoplebegintocommunicatewithothers.Theindividualsbecomeacommunity.

HowdoweChinesegreeteachother?Informally,ifwemeetanfriendinthestreet,weareusedtosay:“Hi,haveyouhadyourmeal?”or“Whereareyougoing?”.Whenitisthecaseoftwogentlemen,theytendtoshakehands.

However,inthewesterncountries,theabovequestionsarejustquestions,notgreetingatall.Theymaythinkyou’reinvitingthemtodinnerifyouaskabouttheirmeals.Usually,they’lljustgiveeachotherasmileorgreetwitha“Hi.”.They’llshakehandsonlyinsomeformalsituations.Bytheway,Westernerscanleaveapartyormeetinghallswithoutaformalconge,norshouldtheyshakehandswitheveryattendeelikemostofuswilldohere.

Section2:Expressinggratitude

Thinkofthesituationsbelow.Yourmotherisbusyinthekitchen.Shesuddenlyasksyoutofetchabowlforher.Youdoso.What’llyourmother’sresponsebe?Probablyshe’lljustcontinuedoingthecooking.Afterawhile,thedinnerisready.Yourmotherhandsyouyourbowlofrice.What’syourresponse?Probablyjustbegintoeat.

That’swhatIwanttosay.InChinesefamilies,werarelysay“Thankyou”tootherfamilymembersforreceivinghelporservice.Neitherwillwesaysobetweengoodfriends.It’ssuchanunpopularresponsethatifyousayit,thecounterpartwillthinkyouaretreatinghimasastranger,otherwiseyouarelackingofintimacy.

ButintheWest,"thankyou"isoneofthemostfrequentlyusedsentences.Teacherswillthankastudentforansweringaquestion;husbandswillthankhiswifeformakingacoffee.

However,asaninterestingphenomenon,it’sacustomtosay"thankyou"inJapan.Nomatterinfamilyoramongfriends,Japanesechronicallyuseitalltheday.Thisisprobablytheaberranceoftheculture.

Section3Dining

Thewayspeopleeat,thatis,thetablemanner,reallydistinguishalot.Thereasonforthisisprobablybecauseofthedifferentdiningtoolsandmenus.

Easternersusechopsticks,orsometimesevengraspricestraightlywithhandsasIndiansdo.Thethinandlongchopstickscannotbeusedtocutfood,soweusuallyuseourteethtoactasknives.Weholdourfood,meatorvegetable,withthechopsticks,sendthemtothemouths,biteoffapartofitandremaintheotherpartonthechopsticks.That’stheusualwayweeat.Wearealsousedtoholdupourbowlswhenhavingriceorsoup.Japaneseholdbowlstohavemisosoupwithoutspoons.ButallthesehabitsareconsideredrudeintheWesterncountries.

TheetiquetteintheWestrequeststhatwheneating,bowlsandplatescannotleavethetables.Foodshouldbecutbyknivestofitintothemouths.Ofcourseyourmouthcannottouchtheplatesorbowls.Sotheregularprocessislikethis.Youcutyoursteakontheplatewithforkandknife,sendthemeatcubeintothemouthwithforkandnothingwillbereturnedbackbuttheforkalone.

Section4Symbolizing

Symbolizationishowpeopleimagineorregardsomething.Itactuallyreflectsthewaypeoplethink.HereI’llonlydiscusssomesymbolizationthatfrequentlyappearsindailylife.

Firstisaboutthecolors.Weoftengiveeachcolorsomemeanings,becausewefeeldifferentlywhenfacingdifferentcolors.Sopeoplealwayshavepreferencewhenchoosingcolorsofclothes,decorations,etc.IntheAPECsummitheldinShanghaiseveralyearsago,inthelastday,thepresidentsfromallovertheworldworethetraditionalChineseDangsuitsandtookaphototogether.Thecolorsofthesuitswerechosenbythemselvesfreely.However,it’squiteinterestingtofindthatmostEasternerschoseredwhilemostofthewesternerspreferredblue.Toexplainthis,it’seasytorealizethatwhatredmeansisalmostoppositeintheEastandtheWest.Redmeansluck,fortunehere.WeChineseoftenusethiscolortodecorateinfestivals,suchasredlanterns,redChinesenodes,redbangers.Butredstandsforblood,revolutionsintheWest.Sothepresidentsavoidedwearingthisunluckycolor.

Anotherinterestingdiscoveryisaboutthedragons.IntheEast,dragonsareimaginedassomethinglikesnakeandareflowingintheskyformostofthetime.Thedragonissaidtohavethefaceofthehorse,thehornsofthedeer,theearsoftheox,thebodyofthesnake,theclawsoftheeagleandsquamaofthefish.WeregarddragonasGodandsaythatweChinesearetheoffspringofthedragon.TheGodofDragonsofthefourseascanchargetherainfalls,sowesometimesalsocallthemtheGodofthewaterorrain.ButintheWest,peoplethinkdragonsasdinosaurs,whichcanstandonthegroundwithfeetandflywithhugewings.Theylayeggsjustlikedinosaurs.ThedragonsoftheWesthavetheabilitytoeruptfire,insteadofwater.Thefirecandestroyeverythingsothedragonsarenotwelcomedatall.TheyevenbecomethesymboloftheDevil.

DragonsImaginedbyChinese

DragonImaginedbytheWesterners

PartIIIWhatcanwedototreattheculturegap?

Nowwehaveseenthatthereexistssuchahugegapbetweeneasterncultureandwesternone.Thenwhatshouldwedotofacethisgapinthegraduallyglobalizingworld?

Next,weshouldgettolearnhowtocoordinatethedifferentcultures.Wesaytheworldisbecomingsmallerandsmaller.Moreforeignerscomeandgoeveryday.Whenitisinthesamecountry,thesamecity,thesameneighborhood,theculturalcollisionisexpectedtobemoreserious.Soweshouldtrytoavoidthishappening.Oneimportantthingistogetsomebasicknowledgeabouttheotherculturessoasnottomisunderstandsomeactionsorhabitsoftheforeigners.

Whentheabovetwoisdone,wecanstarttocommunicate.Imeanwecantakeinsomestrongpointsfromtheforeigncultures.Thoughtheredoesn’texistcorrectnessintermsofculture,itdoeshavethetermsofmoreadvancedormoresuitablefortheworldnowadays.Ofcourse,wecannotthrowawayourowncultureandacceptanotheronetotally.EverycultureisatreasuretothehistoryoftheEarth,soweshouldonlypickoutthosewelacktoperfectourown.

Differentculturesaddthemostcolorfulelementtotheworldof21stcentury.Theculturalgapshouldnotbetheobstacletothecivilizationofhumanbeing.Itoughttobethemotivationofourgoingfarther.(http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/22639015.html)

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