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英国的红酒文化

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英国文化(传统习俗饮食)英文介绍

Englishstyleofeatinghabitsisalsoeasy,payattentiontonutrition.Breakfastisusuallyporridgemilkoracupofredjuice,coatedwithbuttertoast,friedbaconorsausage,eggs.Atnoon,thechildreneatlunchatschool,adultsatlunchonthejobonthevicinitytobuyasandwich,acupofcoffeeon,justkill.Onlytotheweekend,theBritishpeoplewillberichonatable.Usuallythemaincourseismeat,suchasgrilledchicken,roastbeef,fishandsoon.Awidevarietyofvegetables,likecabbage,freshpeas,potatoes,carrotsandsoon.Vegetablesingeneralarenolongerprocessed,mountedonatray,pouredfromthesupermarkettobuyready-madesaucewillbeconsumed.Afterthemaincoursetherewillalwaysbetogetherdigestibleofsweets,suchascookingfruit,fruitpudding,cheese,icecreamandsoon.

Friedfishandfries(Fishandchips)

ThisisthetraditionalBritishfastfoodnation(fast

food).Itisinthe19thcentury60'spopup.Atthattime,therailwayputstartfreshfishonenightdirectly(direct)transportedfromtheeastcoasttoLondon.Englishatthefishpasteontopofgooddeep-friedinoil,andfriedpotatoesbeeatentogether.Peopleputamixtureofsaltandvinegarsauceandpouritintothearticleonfishandpotatoes,withanewspaperbag,andtheneatfromthepaperinhand.Today,peopleoftenuseacleanpaperpackaging,andtoprovideafork(fork).

Cha(Tea)

BritishNationalenjoyacupoftea.AtthetraditionalBritish(tradition)onpeoplewithporcelainteacup,onepersonacup,aspoonfuloftea.ThemajorityofBritishpeopleliketodrinkstrongtea,butIwanttoaddmuchmilk.Manyyearsago,peopleusedtoputmilkintothecup,thenaddthetea,andfinallyaddwater.

Coffee(Coffee)

NowintheUnitedKingdom,aspopularityofcoffeeandtea.Peopleeitherdonotaddmilkoraddmilk,ordrinkcoffeeorpreparinganewinstantcoffee.

Wine(Wine)

Englishwineindustryisverystrong.Moreandmoreofthemanyvineyardsareproducingwineandredwine(red

wine).Englishpubseverywhere,hasseveralflavors,eachwith10,000largeandsmallpubs,whichhavemanyhundredsofyearsofhistory,thisoldpubisusuallyhauntedlegends,itisinterestingthatnotonlydidnotcareabouttheowner,butalsohishouseghostLiChuan-storyasthegeneralputonatableineach.Somethingfishyaboutthepubbusinessbetterandsellmoreexpensive.

Eatinghabitswithknifeandforkpyronaridine~

Britishpeoplegenerallypreferredwayofcookingthereis:cookedinsoyandvinegar,barbecue,friedandfried.Ofmeat,seafood,gamecookingmethodsareunique;However,thecategoriesofthebeeftheyhavespecialpreferences,suchasbarbecuebeef(ROASTEDBEEF),isattachednotonlyintheconsumptionofseasonalvegetables,bakedpotato,butalsowilladdsomesteakonthemustardsauce;attheuseofseasoningonthebutterandliquorpreferences;atspiceupthetasteofmeatKou,cinnamonandotherspicesfresh.

Themorewell-knownBritishcuisinehas:beefkidneyallocation(STEAKKIDNEYPIE),fishPai(ENGLISHFISHCHIP),theRoyalbutterchicken(CHICKENALAKING)andsoon.Britishpeopleenjoyhunting,onlyonceayearatthehuntingperiod,thereismuchofthehotelorrestaurantwillbeintroducedtogamemeal,suchasdeer(VENISON),rabbits(HARE),pheasant(PHEASANT),,suchascooking.Generalcookinggamewhenusingsomeginorberriesandwine,thisapproachisinordertoremovethesmellofmuttonflavorofthefooditself.

BreakfastisveryimportanttotheBritishpeople,Britishrestaurantsinthesupplyofawiderangeofmeals,havefruitjuice,fruit,eggs,meat,wheatporridgecategory,bread,jamandcoffee.Nowadaysthepopularafternoontea(HIGHTEA)isthemassfromtheUnitedKingdom,anditsmorefamousthereisVictoria-styleVICTORIANSTYLE),thecontentscanbesaidtobeall-inclusive,includingallkindsofsmallpoints,muffin,fruittarts(TARTE)andsandwiches.SupperonthedailylivesofEnglishisalsooneofthemostimportantpartofthemealoftheirchoiceisusuallylate,andareeatingbettertopromotefriendshipbetweenmealscanimaginetheybelongtoareveryautonomousnation,andasupperforthemcouldtakehours.

TheUnitedKingdomatthelocal,therewillbelotofpeoplewholovetodrink,mainlybecauseititselfisalsoawineproducingcountry.Englishatthecostofalcoholconsumptionontheexpenditurethantheotheralsotothemany.

NobuRestaurant

Thisisaworld-renownedJapanese-stylesushirestaurant,perfectinterpretationoftheculturaldiversityofLondon.Enjoythebestwayistoletthestaffrecommend,anotheriscalledareversaloftheworld'sblackcod,pointofconfusingthechampagneglass.Ofcourse,thebesthavesomeoneelsefootthebill!Rememberthelocationyouwantinadvance,otherwise.

St.John'sRestaurant

HakkasanRestaurant

Anaverageconsumptionof60poundsinLondon'stoprestaurants.Isnotafalsefaceskill,newspaperscommentonis"thehistoryofthesexiestChineserestaurant",areimpartialappraisal.Hotandsoursoup,pipaduck,porkDooBritishsparklingwine,GreecewhitePortuguese.ItseemsthatChineseandWestern,attipoftongueonan.

中文:

英国人的饮食习惯亦式样简单,注重营养。早餐通常是麦片粥冲牛奶或一杯果汁,涂上黄油的烤面包片,熏咸肉或煎香肠、鸡蛋。中午,孩子们在学校吃午餐,大人的午餐就在工作地点附近买上一份三明治,就一杯咖啡,打发了事。只有到周末,英国人的饭桌上才会丰盛一番。通常主菜是肉类,如烤鸡肉、烤牛肉、烤鱼等。蔬菜品种繁多,像卷心菜、新鲜豌豆、土豆、胡萝卜等。蔬菜一般都不再加工,装在盘里,浇上从超市买回的现成调料便食用。主菜之后总有一道易消化的甜食,如烧煮水果、果料布丁、奶酪、冰激凌等。

鱼和油炸土豆条(Fishandchips)

这是英国民族传统的快餐食品(fast

food)。它是在19世纪60年代流行起来的。那时,铁路开始把新鲜的鱼一夜间直接(direct)从东海岸运到伦敦。英国人在鱼上面裹上糊放在油里炸好,和炸土豆条一起吃。人们把盐和醋的混合调料倒在炸鱼和土豆条上,用报纸包上,然后从纸包里拿着吃。如今,人们经常用清洁的纸包装,并提供一个餐叉(fork)。

茶(Tea)

英国民族喜欢喝茶。在英国传统(tradition)上人们用瓷茶杯泡茶,一人一个茶杯,一匙茶。大多数英国人喜欢喝浓茶,但是要加许多牛奶。多年前,人们习惯先把牛奶倒入茶杯,然后再放茶,最后加水。

咖啡(Coffee)

现在在英国,咖啡和茶一样受欢迎。人们或是加牛奶或是不加牛奶,或是喝新泡制的咖啡或速溶咖啡。

酒(Wine)

英国的酒业很强盛。越来越多的葡萄园正在生产白酒和红酒(red

wine)。英国的酒馆无所不在,有好几万家大大小小各具风味的酒馆,其中还有不乏数百年历史的,这样的老酒馆通常传说闹鬼,有趣的是,主人不但不避讳,还把他家的鬼故事像立传一般摆在每一张桌子上。有鬼的酒馆生意更好,而且卖得更贵。

饮食习惯用刀叉咯~

英国人一般较喜爱的烹饪方式有:烩、烧烤、煎和油炸。对肉类、海鲜、野味的烹调均有独到的方式;然而,他们对牛肉类方面又有特别的偏好,如烧烤牛肉(ROASTEDBEEF),在食用时不仅附上时令的蔬菜、烤洋芋,还会在牛排上加上少许的芥茉酱;在佐料的使用上则喜好奶油及酒类;在香料上则喜好肉寇、肉桂等新鲜香料。

较为人知的英国料理菜名有:牛肉腰子派(STEAKKIDNEYPIE)、炸鱼排(ENGLISHFISHCHIP)、皇家奶油鸡(CHICKENALAKING)等。英国人喜欢狩猎,在一年只有一次的狩猎期中,就有许多的饭店或餐厅会推出野味大餐,如野鹿(VENISON)、野兔(HARE)、雉鸡(PHEASANT)、野山羊(WILDSHEEP)等的烹调。而一般烹调野味时,均采用些杜松子或浆果及酒,此做法是为了去除食物本身的膻腥味。

英国人对早餐非常讲究,英国餐馆中所供应的餐点种类繁多,有果汁、水果、蛋类、肉类、麦粥类、面包、果酱及咖啡等。时下所流行的下午茶(HIGHTEA)也是传来自于英国,其较知名的有维多莉亚式VICTORIANSTYLE),内容可说是包罗万象,包括各式小点、松糕、水果挞(TARTE)及三明治等。晚餐对英国人来说也是日常生活中最重要的一部份,他们选择的用餐时间通常较晚,而且都是边吃边喝边聊,以促进用餐人之间的情谊,可想见他们是属于极有自主性的民族,而一顿晚餐对他们来说可能要花上好几个钟头。

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